## How to Determine Day of the Week for Any Year

October 15, 2011

The day of the week calculation is at 7:55

Would you like to be able to accomplish such a feat? Most of us are not concerned with mathemagic – we just want to get the data asap. To carry out the calculations for a year with a known number, **you just have to memorize a couple of small tables and understand the algorithm**. For a wonderful comprehensive explanation, examples, and quizzes, visit the **Grey Matters**. The following is just an attempt to concisely summarize the algorithm and provide additional examples, as well as some tables.

**To learn the method you’ll need to:**

– Memorize Table 1 and Table 2

– Refer to Table 5 for the code of the years of interest

– Understand the algorithm for the calculation

# Step 1: Day

**Case 1:** If a day is less than seven, take a day as is.

Example: {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6} => {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6}

**Case 2:** If a day is a multiple of seven, take zero

Example: {7, 14, 21, 28} => {0}

**Case 3:** If a day does not fit under Case 1 or Case 2, take a difference between a day and a closest integer divisible by 7

Examples:

Day = 15th, Day Code = 15 – 14 = 1

Day = 26th, Day Code = 26 – 21 = 5

Day = 31th, Day Code = 31 – 28 = 3

Day |
Code |

Sunday | 0 |

Monday | 1 |

Tuesday | 2 |

Wednesday | 3 |

Thursday | 4 |

Friday | 5 |

Saturday | 6 |

Table 1. Days |

# Step 2: Month

Note that in leap years you’ll have to subtract one from January and February code. Leap years in the 21st century are highlighted in Table 5. For example in 2012, January will be counted as 5 instead of 6, and February will be counted as 1 instead of 2.

Month |
Code |

January | 6 |

February | 2 |

March | 2 |

April | 5 |

May | 0 |

June | 3 |

July | 5 |

August | 1 |

September | 4 |

October | 6 |

November | 2 |

December | 4 |

Table 2. Months |

# Step 3: Year

Determine the year code either from a table or by a method described in the next section.

# Step 4: Day of the Week Calculation

Day of the Week Code = Day Code + Month Code + Year Code

Examples:

**2011 December 31**

Step 1 Day: 31 – 28 = 3

Step 2 Month: December is 4

Step 3 Year: 2011 is 6 (or -1)

Step 4 Calculation: 3 + 4 + 6 = 13 – 7 = 6

Answer: Saturday

**2012 January 23 (Lunar New Year)**

Step 1 Day: 23 – 21 = 2

Step 2 Month: January is 6, but 2012 is a leap year, so take 5

Step 3 Year: 2012 is 1 (see Table 4)

Step 4 Calculation: 2 + 5 + 1 = 8 – 7 = 1

Answer: Monday

# Calculating Year Code

Calculating the year number will require some more memorization.

Year |
Code |

2000 | 0 |

2004 | 5 |

2008 | 3 |

2016 | 6 |

2020 | 4 |

2024 | 2 |

Table 3. First 7 Leap Years |

Year |
Code |

2012 | 1 |

2024 | 2 |

2036 | 3 |

2048 | 4 |

2060 | 5 |

2072 | 6 |

2084 | 7 => 0 |

2096 | 8 => 1 |

Table 4. Year Multiples of 12 |

## 2000-2027

Rule: Calculate based on adjustment to the memorized Tables 3 or 4

Examples:

2019. 2016 = 6 => 2019 = 6 + 3 – 7 = 2

Alternatively, 2019. 2020 = 4 => 2019 = 4 – 2 = 2

2026. 2024 = 2 => 2026 = 4

## 2028-2052

Rule: Subtract 28

Example: 2036-2028 = 2008 => 3 (by Table 3)

## 2056-2080

Rule: Subtract 56

Example: 2069-2056 = 2013 => 2 (2012 = 1)

## 2084-2096

Rule: Subtract 84

Example: 2090 – 2084 = 2006 => 0 (2004 = 5)

## Other Centuries

2300-2399: + 1

2200-2299: + 3

2100-2199: + 5

2000-2099: + 0

1900-1999: + 1

1800-1899: + 3

1700-1799: + 5

1600-1699: + 0

Example:

1777 April 30

Step 1 Day: 30 – 28 = 2

Step 2 Month: April is 5

Step 3 Year: 77 – 56 = 21 => 5 (+ 5, adjusting for the century) = 10

Step 4 Calculation: 2 + 5 + 10 = 17 – 14 = 3

Answer: Wednesday

# Table 5. The 21st Century

Year |
Code |
Hint |

2000 |
0 | |

2001 | 1 | |

2002 | 2 | |

2003 | 3 | |

2004 |
5 | 4+1=1 |

2005 | 6 | |

2006 | 0 | |

2007 | 1 | |

2008 |
3 | |

2009 | 4 | |

2010 | 5 | |

2011 | 6 | |

2012 |
1 | 12×1=12 |

2013 | 2 | |

2014 | 3 | |

2015 | 4 | |

2016 |
6 | |

2017 | 0 | |

2018 | 1 | |

2019 | 2 | |

2020 |
4 | |

2021 | 5 | |

2022 | 6 | |

2023 | 0 | |

2024 |
2 | 12×2=24 |

2025 | 3 | |

2026 | 4 | |

2027 | 5 | |

2028 |
0 | 28-28=0 |

2029 | 1 | |

2030 | 2 | |

2031 | 3 | |

2032 |
5 | 32-28=4 |

2033 | 6 | |

2034 | 0 | |

2035 | 1 | |

2036 |
3 | 36-28=8 |

2037 | 4 | |

2038 | 5 | |

2039 | 6 | |

2040 |
1 | 40-28=12 |

2041 | 2 | |

2042 | 3 | |

2043 | 4 | |

2044 |
6 | 44-28=16 |

2045 | 0 | |

2046 | 1 | |

2047 | 2 | |

2048 |
4 | 12×4=48 |

2049 | 5 | |

2050 | 6 | |

2051 | 0 | |

2052 |
2 | 52-28=24 |

2053 | 3 | |

2054 | 4 | |

2055 | 5 | |

2056 |
0 | 56-56=0 |

2057 | 1 | |

2058 | 2 | |

2059 | 3 | |

2060 |
5 | 12×5=60 |

2061 | 6 | |

2062 | 0 | |

2063 | 1 | |

2064 |
3 | 64-56=8 |

2065 | 4 | |

2066 | 5 | |

2067 | 6 | |

2068 |
1 | 68-56=12 |

2069 | 2 | |

2070 | 3 | |

2071 | 4 | |

2072 |
6 | 12×6=72 |

2073 | 0 | |

2074 | 1 | |

2075 | 2 | |

2076 |
4 | 76-56=20 |

2077 | 5 | |

2078 | 6 | |

2079 | 0 | |

2080 |
2 | 80-56=24 |

2081 | 3 | |

2082 | 4 | |

2083 | 5 | |

2084 |
0 | 12×7=84 |

2085 | 1 | |

2086 | 2 | |

2087 | 3 | |

2088 |
5 | 88-84=4 |

2089 | 6 | |

2090 | 0 | |

2091 | 1 | |

2092 |
3 | 92-84=8 |

2093 | 4 | |

2094 | 5 | |

2095 | 6 | |

2096 |
1 | 12×8=96 |

2097 | 2 | |

2098 | 3 | |

2099 | 4 |

Please note that this is just one way of calculating weekdays, among many other algorithms.

Or you could just look it up on online๐

by animekritik October 15, 2011 at 10:48 pmby Kitsune October 15, 2011 at 10:51 pm

OH GOD, is this how Kenji knew what day Natsuki’s birthday was (re:Summer Wars)

by foomafoo December 8, 2011 at 2:31 pmYup, it is all mathemagic!๐

by Kitsune November 2, 2014 at 6:44 pm